Horses are herbivorous and essentially exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it’s very much essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses so as to obstruct both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are highlighted regarding feeding.
1. Do not provide non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all categories as they can not digest like ruminants.
2. Horses should be provided dry matter at least 1.5percent of body weight.
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds
6. For greater utilization and assimilation of nutrients, the whole daily ration could be divided into 4-6 individual meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, avoid full feeding before and after exercise and changing ration composition slowly are most important symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it is particular that fodder roughage is given before grains. But if chopped fodder is available then it may be combined with grains or concentrate.
9. No group feeding is advised so far as grain feeding is concerned.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mixture is added with targets.
11. A horse (without work) weighing 400 kg body weight will require probably 0.38 kg Digestible crude protein (DCP), 20 gm calcium, 20 gm phosphorous and 70mg carotene.
14. Horses should not be watered at least 20-30 minutes before and after vigorous exercise.
15. The requirement of drinking water is 36liters each day and might change according to seasons as in summer the requirement of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to offer water before feeding.
17. Generally speaking watering schedule, watering should be done three times per day in summer and twice a day in different seasons.
18. Early spring is regarded as best breeding period in india.
19. Puberty is attained at age 18 months.
20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs of age when it attains 75 percent of body weight,
21. Eestrous cycle is 21 days and duration of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The should be bred two to three days after appearance of warmth symptoms.
23. The tail of the mare ought to be bandaged and stored away to one side so as to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, 1 stallion is sufficient for 30-40 mares.
26. One most observable sight at the time of parturition is that the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or two days before delivery.